Importance of Staging HIV

When it comes to HIV, the aim of the game is to beat the virus by identifying it, attacking it, containing it and stopping it from progressing to the next stage by prescribing the right ARVs. Whilst only a small percentage of our kiddos at TTL are HIV+, we need to be on the lookout for tell-tale signs that their ARV meds are not working and thus that their HIV is progressing to the next stage.

Baylor Clinic at Mokhotlong Hospital

TTL staff in the Baylor waiting room
for the lecture to begin!

This is where the wonderful Dr Divin and his staff at Baylor Clinic at Mokhotlong Hospital come in. Dr Divin regularly holds lectures for TTL staff to keep us up to date on the latest treatments and research on HIV/AIDS and TB. We went to one of these special events on Tuesday 19th August and here is what we learned:

So, in a very small nutshell, HIV attacks proteins in our body called CD4 and this makes the body incredibly susceptible to infection. If we are able to identify the virus at an early stage we could save our clients a lot of pain, hassle and extensive treatment. So, what are these different stages and what do we need to look out for?:

STAGE I  This is a tough one to catch as there are hardly any symptoms. But if you have a constant cold
                  or swollen lumps on the face and groin then get the kid to a doc to get checked out!

STAGE II  A tad easier to notice. It normally affects the upper respiratory system and skin. So you need to
                   look out for sinus issues, easy bleeding, abnormal skin rashes or pox and big old swellings
                   on the face and groin. We’ve posted some pics of common HIV Stage II-related skin
                   problems.WARNING- They ain’t pretty!

PPE- one of the Stage II skin infections.

STAGE III– This is where the virus starts to attack the poor lungs. We’re talking Pulmonary TB, unexplained anaemia, moderate malnutrition, bacterial pneumonia and oral candidiasis. Don’t know what oral candidiasis is? Look below for a lovely photo of how it affects the’re welcome.

Oral Candidiasis- Stage III symptoms

STAGE IV– We don’t want to see this stage of the virus as it only means bad news. Bad news for the lungs, skin, eyes, blood. Bad news all over. Full blown TB, Meningitis, blindness in the eye, sores all over the body. You name it, this stage brings it.

This is why staging is so important. Like us against the virus in a game, we we want to stop it from getting to the final stage. If we can do that we can save ourselves a whole lot of hassle and time in a hospital.

Now, we are by no means clinicians. We would never presume to know how to diagnose a kid with HIV. However, if we notice these signs in any of our clients we now know to get them to a doctor as soon as possible.

We want to thank Dr Divin and his colleagues for their engaging and interactive lecture and we look forward to the next!


leave a comment